Generales Bávaros de la Guerra de los Siete Años, 1756–1763

Generale Bávaro de la Guerra de los Siete Años, 1756–1763

The Auxiliarkorps which marched to Silesia in Agosto 1757 and returned early 1759, was accompanied by Major Generals von Seyssel d'Aix and Baron Pechmann, who in 1758 replaced the former in command, and received Major General Graf Rambaldi to his assistance. The Bavarian contingent of the Imperial Army, which served in the field from 1758 to 1762, was commanded in succession by Major General, later Lieutenant General Ludwig Graf von Holnstein, 1760 Major General, then Lieutenant General Siegmund Freiherr von Hegnenberg, 1761 Major General Graf Rambaldi, and 1762 Major General von La Rosée (SGBH, 31).

Rangos de Generales Bávaros de la Guerra de los Siete Años

  1. Generalfeldmarschall (G.F.M.)
  2. Generalfeldzeugmeister (F.Z.M.), General der Kavallerie (G.d.K.)
  3. Generralleutnant (G.L.), Generalfeldmarschall-Leutnant (G.F.M.L.)
  4. Generalwachtmeister (G.W.), Generalfeldwachtmeister (G.F.W.), Generalmajor (G.M.)

Generales Bávaros de 8 Octobre 1750

  • Generalfeldmarschall Joseph Ignaz Graf von Törring-Jettenbach († 17 Agosto 1763)
  • Generalfeldmarschall Max Kajetan Graf von Törring-Seefeld
  • Generalfeldmarschall Ludwig Joseph Comte d'Albert, Fürst von Berghen und Grimberghen
  • Generalfeldzeugmeister Christoph Adam Ossalko Graf von Minucci
  • Generalfeldzeugmeister Heinrich Bambès de Florimond
  • General der Kavallerie Joseph Johann Baptist Graf von Piosasque de Ron
  • Generalleutnant der Infanterie Heinrich Theodor Topor Graf von Morawitzky auf Trenczin und Rudnitz
  • Generalleutnant der Infanterie Joseph Karl Graf von Preysing (28 Marzo 1762 G.Z.F.M.)
  • Generalleutnant der Infanterie Johann Leonhard de Friderico
  • Generalleutnant der Infanterie Heinrich Adolph von Wittgenstein
  • Generalleutnant der Kavallerie Joseph Fürst von Hohenzollern (9 Agosto 1762 G.d.K.)
  • Generalleutnant der Kavallerie Max Joseph Graf Fugger von Zinneberg
  • Generalleutnant der Kavallerie Joseph Wilhelm Ignaz Freiherr von Stain (G.d.K. on 13 Mai 1762)
  • Generalleutnant der Kavallerie Siegmund Friedrich Freiherr von Preysing
  • Generalleutnant der Kavallerie Egidius von Wachsenstein
  • Generalleutnant der Kavallerie Johann Philipp Freiherr Zündt von Kentzingen
  • G.M. der Infanterie Johann Klaudius Graf von Seyssel d'Aix (29 Ago. 1758 G.F.M.L, † 23 Ene. 1761)
  • Generalmajor der Infanterie Georg Siegmund Freiherr von Hegnenberg genannt Dux
  • Generalmajor der Infanterie Matthias von Wolter
  • Generalmajor der Infanterie Thomas von Quardi (Guardi)
  • Generalmajor der Kavallerie Joseph Hieronymus Graf von Spreti
  • Generalmajor der Kavallerie Karl Rudolph von Le Roy († Mayo 1757)
  • Generalmajor der Kavallerie Ludwig von Rys (Ryß)
  • Generalmajor der Kavallerie Max Emanuel Franz Joseph Freiherr von Sandizell
  • Generalmajor der Kavallerie Joseph Heinrich Freiherr von Pechmann
  • Generalmajor der Kavallerie Friedrich Adolph Freiherr von Meinders
  • Generalmajor der Kavallerie Johann Kaspar Graf Basselet von La Rosée
  • Generalmajor der Kavallerie Adelardo Graf von Alleardi

Promotions du 12 Octobre 1759

  • Generalfeldzeugmeister Heinrich Theodor Topor Graf von Morawitzky auf Trenczin und Rudnitz
  • Generalfeldmarschall-Leutnant Joseph Heinrich Freiherr von Pechmann
  • Generalfeldmarschall-Leutnant Max Emanuel Franz Joseph Freiherr von Sandizell
  • Generalfeldmarschall-Leutnant Friedrich Adolph Freiherr von Meinders († 26 Nov. 1760)
  • Generalfeldmarschall-Leutnant Thomas von Quardi (Kommandant von Donauwörth)
  • G.F.M.L. Kaspar von La Rosée (Hofkriegsratsdirektor, 1 Agosto 1763 Inspektor der Infanterie)
  • Generalwachtmeister Johann Jakob Winther von Burgheim (Kommandant d'Amberg)
  • Generalwachtmeister Johann Anton von Weinberger
  • Generalwachtmeister Joseph Ferdinand Maria Graf von Salern
  • Generalwachtmeister Franz Richard Gattermann (Kommandant d'Ingolstadt)
  • Generalwachtmeister Joseph von Poth († 2 Agosto 1763)
  • Generalwachtmeister Franz Joseph Servatius von La Rosée
  • Generalwachtmeister Kaspar Graf von Livizzani (Hofkriegsrat, 1 Ago. 1763 Inspektor der Kavallerie)
  • Generalwachtmeister Peter Ignaz Freiherr von Hegnenberg-Dux (Kommandant de Braunau)
  • Generalwachtmeister Joseph Anton Graf Lodron (am 9 Febrero 1761)

Uniforme

The dress of general officers appears, perhaps with the exception of the (blue) colour and the cut of the cloth dictated by fashion, to have been left up to personal taste of the individual, at least as far as the accessories of the outer garments were concerned (SGBH, 36). Generals who were also owners (Inhaber) of a regiment, probably wore the uniform of their regiment with silver or gold embroidery according to their rank.

On 5 Julio 1759, the generals of the Imperial Army were instructed by the Emperor, to wear the white uniform with red facings of the Austrian general officers (SGBH, 1083). Apparently, this regulation was meant to minimize the danger of uniform confusion, but it is not known if Bavarian generals of the Reichsarmee complied with it.

The decree of 16 Marzo 1774 finally introduced a uniform dress-regulation for Bavarian generals: blue coat with silver embroidery differing by rank, based on approved patterns, black velveteen facings replacing the formerly blue facings; the measurements of length and width, as well as the design of the embroidery did not permit any variation. Because the previous uniform had been considered too valuable to be worn as a campaign uniform, generals received a coat with plain silver embroidery and straw-coloured lining, white buttons and black velveteen facings with standardized embroidery, besides straw-coloured vests and breeches of cloth (SGBH, 36–37).

Uniforme de Campagne de 1774

  • blue coat with straw-coloured lining and white buttons
  • black velveteen facings, with standard embroidery
  • black stock with silver embroidery
  • straw-coloured vest (from 11 Janvier 1775 with white standardized edging as a distinction for Statthalter, City and Fortress Commandants)
  • white-blue sash (worn from 3 Janvier 1775 on duty and for festivities)
  • straw-coloured breeches
  • black riding boots
  • black tricornio hat with white feather edging and black cockade
  • red shabraque and pistol covers with silver edging

If owners of regiments already owned embroidered regimental uniforms, they were permitted to wear them out, but only in conjunction with the regulation vest and breeches (SGBH, 37).

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Ejército Bávaro de la Guerra de los Siete Años